At its heart, KT is about getting research and expertise put to use which, by its nature, is wide–ranging and complex. In practice, KT indicators that have been adopted internationally are diverse and range far wider than the traditional measures of patenting, licensing, number of spin–offs and revenue. In many countries they extend over different channels of industry engagement e.g. including research collaboration and often move beyond industry to encompass other “non–academic” users and engagers. The recommendations in this report take this into account, whilst striving to present a limited set of core indicators.